Pulmonary Function after Anterior Instrumentation

iScoliosis recently published an article in relation to: Pulmonary function after less invasive anterior instrumentation and fusion for idiopathic thoracic scoliosis

Published: 21 August 2013

Purpose: Standard thoracotomy for anterior instrumentation and fusion of the thoracic spine in idiopathic scoliosis may have detrimental effects on pulmonary function. In this study we describe a less invasive anterior surgical technique and show the pre- and postoperative pulmonary function with a minimum follow-up of 2 years.

Methods

Twenty patients with Lenke type 1 adolescent thoracic idiopathic scoliosis were treated with anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation. The mean preoperative Cobb angle of the thoracic curve was 53[degree sign] +/- 5.8. Pulmonary function tests (PFT) and radiographic evaluation was performed.

Results

The mean postoperative correction in Cobb angle of the thoracic curve was 27[degree sign] +/- 8.2 (49%).
The mean preoperative FEV1 was 2.81 +/- 0.43 L, which increased to 3.14 +/- 0.50 L at 2 years postoperatively (P = 0.000). The mean FEV1% did not change (89.60 +/- 7.49% preoperatively, versus 90.53 +/- 5.95% at 2 years follow-up, P = 0.467). The TLC increased from 4.62 +/- 0.62 L preoperatively to 5.17 +/- 0.63 L at 2 years follow-up (P = 0.000). The FEV1% at two years of follow-up improved to 104% of the FEV1% predicted value. The FEV1 improved to 97% of the FEV1 predicted value.

Conclusion

Anterior spinal fusion for idiopathic scoliosis by means of a minimal open thoracotomy proved to be a safe surgical technique that resulted in an improvement of pulmonary function. Our results are similar to those of thoracoscopic procedures reported in literature. 

Download this article about pulmonary function after less invasive anterior instrumentation and fusion for idiopathic thoracic scoliosis as a pdf

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Scoliosis and Periods - oh the pain!

Scoliosis and Memory Foam Mattresses

Scoliosis and Clothes Shopping